As it is said NECESSITY IS THE MOTHER OF INOVATION and when a society faces some unwanted and sudden crisis the up-handers of the society come up with innovations to tackle those crises and talk about world issues that need attention. Many technologies are introduced during that time some innovations prove to be very accommodating and some prove to be disruptive technology.
After every few years our Medical Science department faces severe situations. First there was malaria, there were almost 229 million malaria cases in 2019 and overall 409000 deaths worldwide. In 2020 timeline of events covid-19 is worth mentioning. We are still facing its disastrous outcomes. Likewise every year medical department goes through new challenges and get ready to launch new and latest technologies.
Though 2020 was a year full of unpredicted disasters and many bad things have happened in 2020 but it gave rise to new innovations too. Due to this worldwide pandemic situation caused by COVID-19 many scientists throughout the world struggled to work on new innovations and launch latest technology to improve the field of medical services not only for COVID but also for other fatal diseases like cancer, heart diseases, diabetes and many other.
No one can predict what’s going to happen in this robotic and electronic era but it is best to be prepared for every worse situation and be aware of the world issues that need attention. Medical department is one of the departments which requires constant development and innovation of ideas and new or latest technologies. Technologies like; heart rate controlling devices, pocket-sized ultrasound devices, Lasik etc. New technologies are launched almost every year, many have launched and more are yet to come for the betterment of the medical field. Some of the upcoming technologies/innovations are as follow.
Christine Lemke: The biggest Data Collecting Tool
There are 7.594 billion people in the world according to the census done in 2018. Over 95% of the total population is suffering from some kind of ailment. Most of them track their health with latest medical innovations such as wrist watches, blood pressure monitors, pocket ultrasound device etc.
Medical researchers need information and data to upgrade their medical appliances and for the launching of those upcoming technologies. It is very difficult to gather data from every patient individual. It would be so easy if there would be any kind of technology to aggregate the data from 1/3rd of the ill population.
Christine Lemke; President of Evidation Helth, had been working on a new tool to make that easy and possible; a tool that has capacity to collect the data from over 3 million people. This tool or future technology will make it very easy to collect data from people. This upcoming technology would be very beneficial for the development of the Medical Science department.
Charles Taylor: 3-D Digital Hearts
It is very important to analyze hindered or narrowed blood vessels for those people who suspect that they have any kind of heart disease. For an excessive number of individuals with suspected heart issues, intrusive catheterization it is very important to check their blood pressure and blood flow through veins and arteries.
Doctors pick the best strategy for improving the blood flow, after examining and considering the condition of the patient’s heart. The blood flow is improved either by inflatable angioplasty or by stenting, depending on the condition of the patient’s heart. Many latest technologies have been introduced for treating heart diseases in 20th century. These technologies have overcome the technology issues of old technologies.
Charles Taylor, a previous Stanford educator, has tried to modify the old and traditional treatment and started working on future technology especially for the treatment of heart illness. He helped heart patients to avoid those hurtful and risky treatments and this latest technology proved to be very beneficial. It has improved treatment results and is considered to be one of the best future technologies that have been introduced to the world yet.
The organization’s system makes customized 3D models that can be turned and can be zoomed in too, this latest innovation has enabled the specialists to easily stimulate different approaches on the monitor. Manesh Patel, cardiologist of Duke University, at the American College of Cardiology’s yearly gathering in March said, “In some cases this innovation and technology can help patient to avoid the invasive treatment completely. By adding the HeartFlow to our accessible data or resources for diagnosing stable coronary infection, we can give patients better care and treatment as we already evaluate the risks”.
Abasi Ene-Obong: A More Assorted Worldwide Bio Bank
A significant restriction takes steps to obstruct the time of modified medication: people of Caucasian lineage are a minority in the worldwide populace yet make up almost 80% of the topics in human-genome research, making blind spots in medication research. Dr. Abasi Ene-Obong, established 54gene to change that. The Nigeria-based startup is gathering hereditary material from people throughout the continent, to make drug innovative work more evenhanded and fair.
54gene is the living example of disruptive innovation and also the example of the revolting history of provincial misuse in Africa. Africa should be benefitted if the companies are getting benefit by creating medications dependent on the African genome (DNA of African populace). Africa should profit: in this way, while joining forces with those organizations, 54gene organizes those that focus on remembering African nations for advertising plans for any future technology (medications). “In the case that we are essential for the process for drug creation, at that point possibly we can likewise turn out to be important for the pathway to get these medications into Africa,” Ene-Obong says.— Corinne Purtill.
Doug Melton: A Stem-Cell Cure for Diabetes
Diabetes has been very challenging disease and is one of the worldwide issues that need attention. It can be very fatal in some cases. Its severity depends on the patient’s overall health. Even though it is very old and common disease in 20th century but it is still under observation. Diabetes is still a very big concern of many medical researchers. Same is the case with an American biologist, Doug Melton; who is very interested in introducing latest technology for this problematic disease.
The old treatment which includes lifetime careful eating habits, insulin injections, and glucose tests etc. doesn’t fascinate him, he always wanted to introduce advanced and latest treatment- stem-cell cure for diabetes (using stem cells to produce insulin by creating replacement beta cells). Melton had been working on the stem cells over 10 years now.
Melton cofounded Semma Therapeutics in 2014 to develop the technology. The name Semma Therapeutics was taken from his kids’ names; Sam and Emma. The company got lucky and was able to develop latest technology; a small implantable device that contains millions of replacement beta cells, keeping immune cells out but allowing only glucose and insulin though it. Melton says if this upcoming technology works as efficiently as it worked on animals than diabetic patients can completed be cured and they can live a healthy and happy life as a non-diabetic person.
Shravya Shetty: Cancer-Diagnosing Artificial Intelligence
Cancer has been a very fatal disease from the very beginning. Many types of cancer are only diagnosed until their last stage when it is almost incurable and at point where no one can do anything except for accepting it and maybe going under chemo. Lung cancer is one of those cancer types where the patient shows symptoms of it very late, when the cancer has prevailed all over the organ. No doubt getting CT scan as soon as symptoms appear can reduce the risk of dying but this disruptive technology has its own risks that might be more dangerous and fatal than cancer itself.
The U.S. Public Institutes of Health found that due to the technology issues and mistakenly analyzed fake positives by radiologists 2.5% of the patients getting CT scans suffer with unnecessarily obtrusive treatments later on- sometimes with deadly outcomes too.
Shravya Shetty is the lead researcher of a Google Health group and it is believed by her that artificial intelligence may prove itself a best upcoming technology for any cancer type. Almost 2 years back an AI system was built that beats human radiologists in diagnosing lung cancer and is clean of any kind of technology issue. This Ai system is built by Shetty’s team.
Google’s calculation recognized 5% more disease cases and had 11% less fake positives than a control group of six human radiologists after being trained on the CT scans of over 45000 patients.
Shetty says, “The early outcomes are very encouraging, yet there is quite a big difference between where the things are at present and where they could be, but the only thing that has kept me going till now is that Potential Impact.”
Sean Parker: A Disruptive Approach to Cancer Research:
One of the first disrupters of the new economy is carrying his way to deal with clinical exploration or research. The Parker Institute for Cancer Immunotherapy is the institute established by Napster co-founder and previous Facebook president Sean Parker. This organization is an organization of top foundations including Memorial Sloan Kettering, Stanford, the MD Anderson Cancer Center and many more. The major goal of this institute is to recognize and eliminate the factors that hinder the development of latest technology in the traditional research. For instance, all of the participating organizations have consented to acknowledge an endorsement choice by any of their corresponding Institutional Review Boards, which “permits us to get major clinical preliminaries off the ground in weeks instead of years,” at lower costs said Parker.
Parker intends to combine this upcoming technology with his market sensibility. Parker says, “We follow the innovations and discoveries that the researchers do and afterwards, we sponsor them, we spend money for the promotions either by authorizing the product or introducing it as future technology in other companies”.
Parker once announced to spend a fortune for this plan to fight with cancer. He said he would spend $250 million on this project. Another billionaire also helped financially but due to some errors in the disruptive technology the plan got delayed. Parker promised to sponsor the talented and leading researcher like Allison and Sharma, under the sponsorship of Parker Institute for Cancer Immunotherapy, or simply PICI. He encouraged them to work together in different and innovative ways to develop new treatments for cancer.
Thomas Reardon: Mind-Detector Wristband
A person wearing a chunky black device on his wrist (which looks like a wristwatch) stares at a tiny digital dinosaur leaping over obstacles on a computer screen before him. The person’s hands are motionless, but he has full control over the dinosaur—with his brain. This latest technology that is on his wrist is the CTRL-kit, which detects the electrical impulses that travel from the motor neurons to the arm muscles and afterwards to the hand as soon as that person thinks about a particular movement. “I want machines to do what we want them to do but I do not want us to be enslaved by these machines” says Thomas Reardon, CEO and co-founder of CTRL-Labs, the device maker.
Thomas Reardon a neuroscientist says, “The hunched-over posture and fumbling keystrokes of the smartphone era represent “a step backwards for humanity,” who, in a past life, led the development of Microsoft’s Internet Explorer.
Furthermore Reardon said that this upcoming technology could open up new forms of rehabilitation and access for patients recovering from a stroke or amputation, as well as those with Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis and other neurodegenerative conditions.
Pharmaceutical prophylaxis and treatment
When we talk about the 2020 timeline of events the most worth mentioning thing is COVID-19. This disease had a great impact on whole world. Out of all the bad things that happened in 2020 this disease has the most devastative effect on the overall population of the word.
Scientists from all over the world have been working day and night for the possible treatment s and future technology for this fatal and dreadful disease caused by corona virus. Many companies have introduced antiviral drugs which have been already used for other viral infections and reducing the rate of this disease among healthy persons, and some medicals firms are busy making a vaccine that can absolutely cure this disease. Possible and effective treatments should be used very carefully in Randomized Controlled Trials. There are many far reaching ongoing trials that are using proper, healthy and applicable methods for testing the potential drug or medication, which includes WHO Solidarity Trial, International and National trials in Europe. Many drugs are being studied and being observed through experimentations to check their safety and effectiveness for the treatment of this lethal disease. If any company or any researcher manages to get the potential drug or treatment for this disease it would be best upcoming technology or future innovation of the year.