What is Exercise?
Exercise is generally defined as any form of body movement caused by muscle contraction in which the level of energy expended exceeds the level of energy remaining. This definition covers all forms of recreational physical activities, including almost all sports and even dance for children, professional sports, or physical activity at home and outside.
Benefits of Exercise on Human Health
If you need an extra incentive to put on your running shoes tomorrow and “run”, then you need to remember that physical exercise is one of the most effective ways to prevent and treat a wide variety of diseases. Here are some of the benefits of exercise on the human body to maintain physical health.
Millions of people around the world suffer from various forms of arthritis (most of them are women). Exercise can help reduce joint inflammation and soreness, as well as maintain and even increase joint mobility. For such people, aerobics, walking, cycling, swimming is suitable.
Scientists have proven that these are not whims of character but a disease. So, regular Exercise gives a more lasting effect than taking various antidepressants (not to mention the load on the stomach).
Cure for Diabetes
Diabetes affects 2-5% of the world’s population worldwide. But exercise will also help here because, thanks to their influence, the gene responsible for protein production is activated, which will help keep the immune system normal.
Prevention from Cardiovascular Diseases
In addition, physical education can slow down the development of cardiovascular diseases (the main cause of death in diabetes) and maintain a normal weight, which is also very important for type 2 diabetes.
Prevention from Ulcer Disease
Stomach and duodenal ulcers used to be directly associated with stress, but now it is known that in about 80% of cases, the bacterium Helicobacter is to blame. It may sound strange, but analysis of the data showed that people who walk or run at least 16 km a week are 62% less at risk of developing this disease.
Strengthening of Respiratory Muscles
Deepening of breathing Physical activity strengthens the respiratory muscles, improves lung function, and supplies the body with oxygen circulation. Immunocytes circulate faster throughout the body, destroying pathogens before they have time to harm. This speeds up the circulation of blood and lymph, which allows the body to actively fight infection.
Reduce Risk of Cancer
Post-menopausal women who regularly do at least exercises are half as likely to suffer from breast cancer as compared to their peers, who prefer to spend more free time near a computer or TV. It must be remembered: at any respectable age, it is not too late to start doing physical education.
It turns out that exercise not only protects women from breast cancer, but men also have a link between muscle activity and colon cancer. People who spend most of their lives sitting are twice as likely to get this debilitating disease.
Resistance against Infections
During physical training, the number of red blood cells and lymphocytes in the blood increases. As a result of physical exercises, the body’s defences increase, the body’s resistance against infection increases.
People who systematically engage in physical exercises and sports are less likely to get sick, and if they get sick, then in most cases, they tolerate infectious diseases more easily.
Regulation of Blood
To maintain health and performance, it is necessary to activate blood circulation through physical exercises. A particularly beneficial effect on blood vessels is provided by cyclical types of exercise: running, swimming, skiing, skating, and cycling.
With prolonged muscle work, the amount of sugar in the blood decreases. With regular exercise, cholesterol in the bloodstream decreases and the anticoagulant system is activated, which prevents the formation of blood clots in the vessels.