What is Acne?
Acne is one of the most common leading dermatological diseases among young girls: according to statistics, about 80% of the world’s population faces skin rashes. Acne appears most often against the background of hypertrophied sebum production: excess sebum clogs pores, and so-called blackheads appear.
How does Acne Appear?
Acne is a sebaceous plug with an admixture of keratinized skin particles that have accumulated at the mouth of the hair follicle or the ducts of the sebaceous gland. On contact with oxygen, the sebum oxidizes, and the cork acquires a characteristic dark grey colour.
The sebaceous plug creates an ideal environment for the reproduction of acne bacteria which provoke the appearance of inflammatory foci-acne.
Such bacteria constantly live on the skin and are anaerobic, i.e. do not need oxygen for energy synthesis. Therefore, when the ducts of the sebaceous glands are clogged, an ideal airless environment is formed for their reproduction.
Leading Causes of Acne
- Estrogens (female sex hormones) suppress sebum production. It is a hormonal imbalance that is the main cause of teenage acne during the period of hormonal changes in the body.
- In the case when purulent rashes systematically appear on mature skin, there is a possibility of a change in the number of steroid hormones in the blood, which can increase the hyper-reactivity of the sebaceous glands.
- Since an increase in the level of steroid hormones is also observed in the last phase of the menstrual cycle, about 70% of women associate the appearance of acne with menstruation.
- One or two pimples before menstruation are observed even by women who do not suffer from acne. Those who are familiar with acne often notice purulent acne before menstruation, about a week before the start, usually on the chin.
- Hyperkeratosis is an increase in the upper, horny layer of the skin. Vitamin A deficiency, occupational intoxication, prolonged pressure or rubbing of the skin, and exposure to petroleum products (such as lubricating oil) are the main causes of hyperkeratosis.
- Due to a violation of the detachment of the keratinized epithelium, the ducts of the hair follicles are clogged: the inability of the skin to clear itself of dead cells in a timely manner provokes blockage of the sebaceous glands.
- In the appearance of acne, nutrition plays an important role: in case of exacerbation of acne, it is recommended to exclude flour, confectionery, fatty, fried foods from the diet and increase the consumption of fresh vegetables and fruits.
- Prevention of rashes implies a balanced diet and the presence in the diet of essential vitamins: A, C, group B, Omega-3 fatty acids, as well as foods rich in zinc, antioxidants, beta-keratin and fibre.
Gastrointestinal Tract Malfunctioning
- Various hormonal fluctuations hormone production disorders are associated with the development of diseases of the endocrine glands, gastrointestinal tract, genital organs, etc.
- As a result of malnutrition and disruption of the gastrointestinal tract, the balance of the intestinal microflora changes, which leads to an excess of toxins in the body and negatively affects the condition of the skin.
- Stress and Anxiety
- During stressful periods of life, the body produces an excess of the stress hormone cortisol, which provokes increased production of sebum and, as a result, clogging of pores and inflammation.
- Nervous situations respond to many changes in the human body. One of them is the production of the hormone cortisol, which is responsible for the regulation of carbohydrate metabolism.
- Cortisol also has a second name – the stress hormone – from which another of its functions follows: it is produced in the adrenal glands and is designed to help the body cope with stress, but its excess negatively affects the skin and leads to acne.
Incorrectly Selected Care
- The main thing that should be given special attention in the fight against acne is a beauty routine for facial skincare.
- The causes of acne lie deep inside, and you can wash your face at least 20 times a day without seeing any positive changes. On the contrary, washing too often can itself cause breakouts by drying out the skin, reducing its resistance to infection, and thus exacerbating acne.
Use of Cosmetics
- Acne and cosmetics are often linked as well. Pay attention to your creams, lotions, powders, blushes, sunscreens, tanning etc. As a rule, the connection between cosmetics and acne is poorly understood.
- Acne aggravating cosmetics contain mineral and vegetable oils. As a rule, with acne, cosmetics are used to mask pimples and acne, aggravating the course of acne. Excessive use of cosmetics is another leading cause of acne in young girls.