Hormone regulate a number of important processes in the body, including blood pressure and blood glucose levels. Lack of hormones can result from malfunctioning of the glands and is accompanied by various side effects that have negative consequences for the body.
Causes of hormone deficiency
Among the diseases that are caused by a lack of hormones– diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism, adrenal insufficiency and pan hypopituitarism. Certain types of type 1 diabetes mellitus are caused by a lack of insulin, a hormone of the pancreas; hypothyroidism is caused by a lack of thyroid hormones, and in some cases their absence. Adrenal insufficiency results from a lack of the hormones cortisone (as well as other hormones that are produced by the adrenal glands). The pituitary gland secretes a number of hormones such as growth hormone and corticorelin. It secretes some of these hormones to stimulate the production of other hormones. For example, corticorelin is needed for the adrenal glands to produce cortisol. In pan hypopituitarism, the level of hormones produced by the pituitary gland, such as, for example, growth hormone, is low.
Lack of hormones in the human body can be associated with several reasons. Some people have congenital conditions in which certain hormones are not produced. Congenital hypothyroidism is one such disorder. Autoimmune diseases can also lead to hormone deficiency. In this case, the body’s immune system attacks and destroys hormones as if they were foreign substances. Infections, lack of blood flow to the endocrine glands, and tumors of the hormonal glands are also reasons why a person may have a lack of hormones.
Possible consequences of a lack of hormones
Hormones perform certain functions that are sometimes vital for the human body. For example, cortisone regulates blood pressure, insulin regulates the amount of glucose in the blood. When these hormones are not enough or they are completely absent, the processes controlled by them are disrupted. One of the symptoms of adrenal insufficiency is low blood pressure, people who have diabetes have high blood sugar levels due to a lack of insulin.